Who taught us transphobia, and what the fuck is going on?
Typically, in the citation style I am using here — APA 7 style — sources would be sorted in alphabetical order by author surname, then by date of publication. However, I have opted to use two different sort orders, detailed below.
The citation to Estrada (2012) is to the paper itself via Sci-Hub.se, in the interests of accessibility. Given Sci-Hub’s legally contested status, the link will likely be dead before the end of 2021. However, sufficient information remains available that a future reader should be able to track down the original paper and possibly access it through another Sci-Hub mirror or similar website.
Evidence of trans people’s existence before modern institutional transphobia
Sources in this section are sorted roughly by the historical era of the person or people whom they examine.
Morgan, C. (2017, May 2). Evidence for trans lives in Sumer. Notches.
Ball, S. (2017, November 11). The chill Roman priests who worshipped a goddess and castrated themselves. Vice.
Mijatovic, A. (n.d.). A brief biography of Elagabalus: The transgender ruler of Rome. In A. Mejia, A. Mijatovic, S. Barajas, A. Benck, A. Klebine, … & A. Herrera (Eds.), Challenging gender boundaries: A trans biography project by students of Dr. Catherine Jacquet. OutHistory.
Nambiar, S. (2017, January 1). A brief history of hijra, India’s third gender. Culture Trip.
Whitaker, B. (2016, July 26). Part 2: A history of ambiguity. In B. Whitaker (Ed.), Transgender issues in the Middle East. Medium.
Estrada, G. (2012, January 16). Two Spirits, nádleeh, and LGBTQ2 Navajo gaze. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 35(4), 167-190. doi:10.17953/aicr.35.4.x500172017344j30.
Brandman, M. (2021, June). We’wha (1849-1896). National Women’s History Museum.
Kalonymus ben Kalonymus: Transgender history gets a pat on the head (2017, October 16). Cuil Press.
Gallant, L.D. (2020, December 18). The trial and travels of Eleanor Rykener: A transgender woman and sex worker in 14th century England. ArcGIS StoryMaps.
Holmes, J.J. (2019, December 8). Twitter has a field day discovering Public Universal Friend, genderless Quaker of the 1700s. LGBTQ Nation.
Gabbatt, A. (2017, August 22). What trans soldier Albert Cashier can teach Trump about patriotism. The Guardian.
Riedel, S. (2019, February 27). James Barry is not your Rorschach test. Them.
Who is currently creating transphobia?
Sources in this section are sorted by date of publication without respect to author surname.
Leveson Report: Press has failed to respect the dignity of trans people (2012, November 29). PinkNews.
Kaveney, R. (2017, December 5). Transphobia is the latest weapon in a raging culture war. red pepper.
Barker, M.J. (2017, December 27). 2017 review: The transgender moral panic. Rewriting the Rules.
Dommu, R. (2018, May 21). Why the British media is so transphobic. Them.
Gleeson, J.J. (2018, June 27). Trans ethics, not gender ideology: Against the Church and the gender critics. Verso.
Blondiau, E. (2019, June 12). 5 trans Catholics on the Vatican’s rejection of their gender identity. Vox.
Jacques, J. (2020, March 9). Transphobia is everywhere in Britain. New York Times.
Robertson, G. (2020, June 12). Where J.K. Rowling’s transphobia comes from. Vanity Fair.
Penny, L. (2020, June 16). TERF wars: Why transphobia has no place in feminism. Medium.
Pearce, R., Erikainen, S., & Vincent, B. (2020, August 10). TERF wars: An introduction. The Sociological Review, 68(4), 677-698. doi:10.1177/0038026120934713.
Duffy, N. (2020, September 29). Liz Truss lavished praise on anti-trans think tank Heritage Foundation just weeks before equalities minister appointment. PinkNews.
Butterworth, B. (2020, October 30). BBC staff told attending LGBT pride protests in any capacity can breach new impartiality rules. i news.
Wells, V.S. (2021, January 20). British media is increasingly transphobic. Here’s why. Xtra.
Karijo, A. (2021, March 31). Stop imposing your imperialist Western transphobia on my people. openDemocracy.
Parsons, V. (2021, March 31). Transphobia in Commonwealth countries is an injustice left over from British colonialism. It’s time we addressed it. PinkNews.
Hughson, G. (2021, May 27). Who’s financing the ‘anti-gender’ movement in Europe?. NAM News & Opinion.
Wilson-McDonald, A.N. (2021, June 7). Eastern Europe’s anti-gender movement and what it means for America. Ms magazine.